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Major Infectious Diseases in Laos

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The major infectious diseases likely to be encountered in Laos where the risk of such diseases is assessed to be very high. These infectious diseases represent risks to foreigner personnel traveling to the specified country for a period of less than three years. The degree of risk is assessed by considering the foreign nature of these infectious diseases, their severity, and the probability of being affected by the diseases present. The diseases listed do not necessarily represent the total disease burden experienced by the local population.

National Drug Policy

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The National Drug Policy (NDP) of Lao PDR, endorsed in 1993, has since 1995 been implemented through an intervention program in five pilot areas out of 18 provinces, including training of health personnel. The aim was to assess the impact of the NDP program to get evidence for revising the policy. In a cross sectional design, comparisons were made between the pilot province of Luangphrabang (LPB) and the non-pilot province of Sayabury (SBR). In each province, three districts were purposively chosen. Four pharmacies at the public hospitals were included, while 20 private pharmacies were randomly selected. A set of 29 combined indicators was utilized. One hundred and ten prescriptions for under-five children with simple diarrhea and 240 adult outpatient prescriptions were sampled. Furthermore, twelve health care managers were interviewed on knowledge and attitudes. LPB health managers had better knowledge of NDP concepts. Significantly more essential drugs (ED) were available in the private pharmacies in the pilot province. The proportion of prescriptions of ED in hospitals was higher in the pilot province (95% in LPB vs 86% in SBR; p<0.001). Fewer drugs per patient were prescribed in the pilot province (2.7 vs 3.3, p<0.001), and the management of simple diarrhea in children was significantly more in accordance with Standard Treatment Guidelines. The pilot province performed significantly better regarding several aspects of quality and rational use of drugs, probably related to the implementation program. National as well as regional and global diffusion of research findings is recommended towards evidence-based national drug policies.

Drugs Quality of Private Pharmacies in Laos

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Substandard or counterfeit drugs has been reported in countries where drug regulations are ineffective use of low quality drugs can result in adverse clinical outcomes such as lack of effect risk for development of bacterial resistance, toxicity or side effects.

HIV and AIDS

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The Lao People’s Democratic Republic (PDR) currently faces a concentrated epidemic with an adult HIV prevalence of 0.1 percent. Since the first case was identified in 1990, the number of infections has continued to grow. In 2005, UNAIDS estimated that 3,700 people in Lao PDR were living with HIV.

Laos Telecommunications

Laos is a small country in Asia (population of under 6 million), is playing the catch-up game in terms of telecoms technology. The telecommunications market in Laos is fairly undeveloped as the country has one of the lowest telecom penetration rates in Asia - just 5% for fixed and mobile telephones combined. The mobile telecommunications sector is actually bigger than fixed as it accounts for over 65% of subscribers. The take-up figures are healthier in the capital Vientiane since businesses demand fast and efficient telecommunications systems for voice communication and data - here the penetration rate is around 25%.

Electronic Products in Laos

Laos's domestic consumer electronics devices market, defined as including computing devices, monile handsets, and video audio and gaming products are growing rapidly.

Computer

Computer accounted for around 20% of Laotian consumer eletronics spending. Domestic market computer salese during years 1995 to year 2000 are mostly clone computer with no brand. Now most brand computer including (notebooks, netbook, desktop, server, ...) are most sales in the market.

AV devices

There are variaty of AV devices available in Laos but most of those products are imported from China,

News in technology


Laos wishes to boost sci-tech cooperation with HCM City

Google News - Thu, 2016-06-16 02:49
Laos hopes for support from authorities in Ho Chi Minh City to facilitate joint science and technology projects, said Lao Minister of Science and Technology Boviengkham Vongdara at a meeting with Vice Chairman of the municipal People's Committee Le ... catched





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